Hello. My name is Dr. Keith Wharton and I’m the medical director of BodyLogicMD of Pittsburgh. A question I frequently get in my practice is how long does menopause usually last? The answer is it usually lasts 1-5 years but can last longer. The good news is treatments are available. The more common symptoms would be hot flashes, anxiety, depression and maybe some mental fogginess or trouble with memory. These symptoms respond very well to hormonal therapy. But the hormonal therapy can also treat some of the physical issues. Such as osteoporosis – it can help the bones from becoming week – and keeps the woman more mobile later in life. If the hormonal therapy started early in menopause, it also have some cardio-protective effects. So it does help prevent heart attack early in the menopause. And lastly, it relieves some of the symptoms of vaginal dryness, itching and burning, and some of the urinary complaints. So besides symptom relief, the hormonal therapy does treat some important medical conditions.